Captive Lives: Children of inmates face long odds of success

An estimated 10 million children in the U.S. have parents who have been incarcerated at some point in their lives. According to “Shared Sentence,” arecent report by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, a child health and welfare organization, such children have a greater chance of experiencing physical and mental health issues, including anxiety and depression. Their families are less likely to be financially stable and more likely to be homeless. At school, they are more likely to be suspended or expelled or drop out.

Many are byproducts of the country’s move toward tough-on-crime policies, which have helped swell the overall jail and prison population to 2.3 millionpeople, more than four times the total imprisoned in 1980.

For every incarcerated parent in San Francisco, there’s a child like Luna. Like Arvaughn Williams, 17, whose father was in and out of jail until he was shot and killed four years ago. Or Leila Soto, 17, who hasn’t seen her father since he was sent to prison when she was 4.

Yet the needs of children like these have been largely ignored. Government efforts to help them are scant. Unlike for children in poverty or English learners, there is no consistent funding designated to aid them.

Click here to learn more from the San Francisco Chronicle.

#BanTheBox: The largest public university system in the US banned a type of question from its application that could affect thousands of prospective students

  The vote by SUNY, the largest public university system in the US follows a growing trend to "ban the box" at educational instutions across the nation.

The vote by SUNY, the largest public university system in the US follows a growing trend to "ban the box" at educational instutions across the nation.

The State University of New York system voted Wednesday to remove questions about criminal history from applications to its schools, Syracuse.com reported.

The vote by the largest public university system in the US — with nearly half a million enrolled students — follows a push to "ban the box" at colleges and universities across the nation.

SUNY cited a study that found that while about 3,000 of its applicants answer "yes" on questions about felony convictions, only about 1,200 go on to complete applications, according to Syracuse.com.

In May, the Department of Education urged colleges and universities to remove questions about criminal history from applications.

The recommendation, described in the new report "Beyond the Box: Increasing Access to Higher Education for Justice-Involved Individuals," says colleges should remove the barriers to higher education for the "estimated 70 million citizens with criminal records."

"We believe in second chances and we believe in fairness," Secretary of Education John King Jr. said at a press conference, according to a release from the White House. "The college admissions process shouldn't serve as a roadblock to opportunity but should serve as a gateway to unlocking untapped potential of students."

In unveiling the report, the Department of Education referred to a 2015 Center for Community Alternatives study that found that 63% of college applicants with felony convictions begin applications but do not finish them. Those numbers closely align with the findings at SUNY. Among all applicants, however, only 21% of applications go unfinished.

While 35% of colleges in a recent survey, highlighted by The Atlantic's Juleyka Lantigua-Williams, acknowledged they had denied applicants because of their criminal history, experts argue that the questions themselves could intimidate and deter applicants from even completing the process.

Click here to learn more from Business Insider.

#Immigrants don't commit more crimes. Why does the myth persist?

 Immigrants in detention courtesy of  Wikimedia .

Immigrants in detention courtesy of Wikimedia.

Even as researchers find that the foreign-born commit fewer crimes than their native-born peers, the perception that immigrants are uniquely crime prone permeates public and political discourse.

Of course the warnings and anxiety about “criminal immigrants” are nothing new. At the turn of the 20th century, nativists worried that the large numbers of Polish, Italians and Irish migrating to the United States would taint the bloodstream. Though the countries of origin of today’s migrant groups have shifted, a similar concern reverberates: Are immigrants bringing with them tendencies to offend, victimize and profit from the hard work of U.S. citizens? 

The findings exonerating the foreign-born are equally consistent. A sizable body of scientific research conducted by criminologists, sociologists and economists indicates that: Neighborhoods with more immigrants have lower rates of crime; an influx of immigrants has been shown to decrease crime; and that foreign-born individuals commit less crime than their U.S.-born peers.

Click this link for the full article on LA Times.

The US Robbed Itself of $87 Billion in 2014 By Not Hiring Formerly Incarcerated People

Dorsey Nunn shed tears of joy in his California office when President Barack Obama instructed federal employers to delay asking applicants about their criminal records in November. He shared that moment with other Americans who, like him, left a U.S. prison to find that bad policies made it easy for employers to discriminate against them because of their previous convictions.

Nunn is co-founder of All of Us or None, the reentry group that coined the phrase "ban the box," which refers to the question on an application that asks, "Have you ever been convicted by a court?" 

Read more: President Obama to Announce Executive Order Against Criminal Background Checks

"We're making progress," Nunn said in a phone interview from San Francisco. "But we're still only taking incremental steps, rather than seeing it as an entire community [of formerly incarcerated people] demanding their rights."

The country's mammoth criminal justice system disproportionately harms black people and is a drag on the economy, according to new analysis of the latest federal justice and labor statistics.

In 2014, prison-related policies also cost the U.S. economy as much as $87 billion in gross domestic product — the value of all goods produced and service provided by a nation in a given year — according to the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C. Authors of the center's report, released Thursday, reviewed Bureau of Justice Statistics data from 2014, when there were as many as 15.8 million people convicted of felonies who were of working age. Nearly 7 million of them were formerly incarcerated.

Policies allowing employers to unfairly weed out applicants who answer "yes" to the incarceration question amounted to a loss of about 1.9 million potentially qualified workers, according to the CEPR report. It reduced the overall employment rate by an entire percentage point. 

When it comes to race, the breakdown is even more grim. The CEPR report said black men who are formerly incarcerated suffered a 4.7 to 5.4 percentage point reduction in their employment rate in 2014. Latino men saw a reduction of as much as 1.6 percentage points, while the drop was up to 1.3 percentage points for white men. The jobless rate was as high as 6.7% in 2014, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Click here to read the full article on Mic.com.